Mesa is located about 20 miles east of Phoenix city, Temp, Chandler, Gilbert and Apache Junction is its neighborhoods. The area covered by the city is 133.13 sq. mile (324.2 km2). 0.2 sq. mile is covered by water. It is the third largest in the state of Arizona. The city comprises of 471825 inhabitants. Male proportion in the population is 48 percent and that of female is 52 percent. Population density is 3536.6 / sq. mile. The median resident age is 28.1 years. 77.6 percent population is Caucasian, 3.5 percent is African American, 2.4 percent is Native American and 12 percent belongs to different races.40 percent of the population comprises of youth. 70 percent English, 16 percent Spanish, 5 percent Asian and 9 percent other languages are spoken by the people in the area. The average household size is 3.7 and the average family size is 3.9.only 39.01 percent of the total population are religious. Among them majority of the people practiced Christianity.
The education system of the area consists of Public Schools. All the Schools are operated by Mesa Public Schools. Besides these Schools, the Gilbert Public School, the Temp Elementary School District and the Temp Union High School District are serving in the southern and western portion of the city. As far as the matter of secondary education is concerned, Mesa community college doing a tremendous job. It is known to be one of the largest community college among the state’s community colleges. Thousands of engineering students are enrolled in the Polytechnic campus of Arizona State University, Mesa. Several other state of the art institutions are serving in the region that includes A.T.Still University, CAE Global Academy, and campuses of Albright College, Benedictine University and Wilkes University.
The per Capita income in Mesa is $19601 that is 35 percent lower than the state Income per Capita. The median household income is $42817 and the median income occupied by owner is $49232.8.9 percent of the total population are below the poverty line. The economy of the city is depending on health care services, mega stores, The Home depot, fast food industry, Aviation industry and tourism industry. The unemployment rate is 5.10 percent that is low as compared to the state ratio. A noticeable thing is future job growth rate that is predicted to be 38.90 percent over ten years. Sales and income tax are 8.05 percent and 3.36 respectively.
Majority of the employers indulge in the business of office administrative support, finance industry, transportation, and food preparing and serving industry. Mesa administration offers true incentives to the companies for their businesses in the city. They used different strategies for the growth of small scale and large scale companies in the city. Giant companies like Apple, Boeing, and Mitsubishi, MD Helicopters have their vast operations in the city. All the business activities in the area is controlled by the office of Economic Development. Real Estate sector also doing their business as per policy of the state. The Neighborhood Economic Development Corporation (NEDCO) provides assistance to the investors.